MANAGEMENT OF CONCUSSIONS AND OTHER HEAD INJURIES
The Board recognizes that concussions and other head injuries are potentially serious and may result in significant brain damage and/or death if not recognized and managed properly. The Board adopts this policy to promote the safety of students participating in school-sponsored physical activities, including curricular activities, extracurricular athletic activities, including but not limited to interscholastic sports/intramural activities.
By July 1st of each year, the Athletic Director will identify the school-sponsored athletic activities that pose a risk of concussion or other head injury. A list of these activities will be distributed to school administrators and coaches.
All coaches, including volunteer coaches, must undergo training in the identification and management of concussive and other head injuries prior to assuming their coaching responsibilities. The training must be consistent with such protocols as may be identified or developed by the Maine Department of Education (DOE) and include instruction in the use of such forms as the DOE may develop or require.
Coaches shall be required to undergo refresher training every year.
STUDENT AND PARENT INFORMATION
At the beginning of each sports season, students who will be participating in school-sponsored athletic activities and their parents will be provided information in the student handbook regarding
A. The risk of concussion and other head injuries and the dangers associated with continuing to participate when a concussion or other head injury is suspected;
B. The signs and symptoms of concussion and other head injuries; and
C. MSAD #35’s protocols for 1) removal from the activity when a student is suspected of having sustained a concussion or other head injury, 2) evaluation,
and 3) return to participation in the activity (“return to play”).
The student and his/her parent(s) must sign a statement acknowledging that they have received and read this information before the student will be allowed to participate in any school- sponsored athletic activity.
It is the responsibility of the staff person responsible for the activity to act in accordance with this policy when the staff person recognizes that a student may be exhibiting signs, symptoms and behaviors associated with a concussion or other head injury.
Any student suspected of having sustained a concussion or other head injury during a school-sponsored athletic activity including but not limited to competition, practice or scrimmage, must be removed from the activity immediately. The student and his/her parent(s) will be informed of the need for an evaluation for brain injury before the student will be allowed to return to the activity.
No student will be permitted to return to the activity or to participate in any other school-sponsored athletic activity on the day of the suspected concussion.
Any student who is suspected of having sustained a concussion or other head injury shall be prohibited from further participation in school-sponsored athletic activities until he/she has been evaluated and received written medical clearance to do so from a licensed health care provider who is qualified and trained in concussion management.
Coaches and other school personnel shall comply with the student’s health care provider’s recommendations in regard to gradual return to participation. No student will be permitted to return to full participation (competition) until cleared to do so. More than one evaluation by the student’s health care provider may be necessary before the student is cleared for full participation.
If at any time during the return to play program signs or symptoms of a concussion are observed, the student must be removed from the activity and referred to his/her health care provider for re-evaluation.
School personnel should be alert to cognitive and academic issues that may be experienced by students who have suffered a concussion or other head injury, including but not limited to difficulty with concentration, organization, long-and-short term memory and sensitivity to bright lights and sounds. Personnel should accommodate a gradual return to full participation in academic activities as appropriate, based on the recommendations of the student’s health care provider and appropriate designated school personnel, e.g. Guidance, Administration, School Nurse, etc. is involved with this as well.
CONCUSSION MANAGEMENT TEAM
The Superintendent will appoint a concussion management team including a school administrator to be responsible, under the administrative supervision of the Superintendent, to make recommendations related to implementation of this policy. The concussion management team will include the Athletic Director and school nurse and may include one or more principals or assistant principals, the school physician and such other school personnel or consultants as the Superintendent deems appropriate.
A copy of this policy shall be included in all school, parent, and employee handbooks or otherwise distributed to all school employees and students.
Policy Adopted: February 27, 2013
MANAGEMENT OF CONCUSSIONS AND OTHER HEAD INJURIES PROCEDURES JJIF-R
These procedures are established for the purpose of meeting obligations of MSAD 35/RSU 35 under state law and Board Policy JJIF governing the management of concussions and other head injuries.
1. Each year building administration will provide as part of their respective parent-student handbook or by letter informing all parents of the district’s concussion policy. This information will include the policy itself, a list of all school sponsored activities that carries a reasonable potential risk of concussions to participants, the risk associated with concussions and other head injuries, and the dangers associated with continuing to participate when a concussion or other head injury is suspected, the signs and symptoms of concussion and other head injuries, and procedures for:
1. removal from the activity when a student is suspected of having sustained a concussion or other head injury,
2. evaluation, and
3. return to participation in the activity (“return to play”).
2. All parents will sign a statement of acknowledgement that they have read and understand the information. Students engaging in school sponsored interscholastic athletes will not be allowed to participate without a signed statement of acknowledgement.
3. All staff and volunteers that are involved in overseeing any school sponsored activity listed as having a reasonable potential risk for concussions and other head injuries must be certified in concussion management and undergo annual refresher training.
4. Because of the heightened competitive nature of interscholastic athletic activities, there is a greater risk of concussion and other head injuries. Therefore, all students wishing to participate in these activities must have an up to date and valid baseline IMPACT test on record with the school in order to be eligible to participate.
5. Any incident that occurs with a potential for a concussion or other head injury, the student is to be removed immediately from the activity. The immediate trained supervisor will determine if student needs further assessment.
6. For incidents involving non interscholastic athletic activities further assessment will be performed by the school nurse. The school nurse will determine if further medical attention is needed. In cases involving possible concussion, the school nurse will refer the student to a doctor who is qualified and trained in concussion management. The student will be removed from participating in any school sponsored activity that carries a reasonable potential risk for concussion until a written OK from a licensed health care provider, who is qualified and trained in concussion management that the student may participate.
7. For interscholastic athletic activities further assessment will be performed by the medical personnel assigned to the activity (trainer, game doctor, etc.). The medical person will determine if further medical attention is needed. In cases involving possible concussion the student will be referred to a doctor certified as a concussion specialist. The student will not be permitted to participate until the following is completed:
a. After the student has gone at least 24 hours symptoms free, the student will undergo follow up IMPACT testing.
b. Results of IMPACT testing will be analyzed by a certified concussion specialist.
c. The certified concussion specialist will determine if student may return to play or needs further treatment.
d. If further treatment is needed, the student will undergo another IMPACT after treatment for determination if they may return to play.
e. Students OK’d to return to play will do so under a five day progressive fitness training overseen by the district’s athletic trainer.
Policy Adopted: February 27, 2013